The automobile industry

30-01-2015, 11:40Print
The automobile industry is an industrial branch which devotes itself to the production of automobile and other automobiles. The automobile industry developed after invention of the car in 1885 from the German Carl Benz by the end of 19th century and experienced an important impetus by the mass production of automobiles (above all by Henry Ford and Ransom Eli Olds) who stops till this day.

In many industrial countries like in the USA, Japan, Germany and South Korea the automobile industry shows one of the most important industrial branches. However, the development of the production procedures in the car industry passed that with the final assembly more and more precast components (or modules) are used.

In 2001 a turnover of 643,550 milliard euros was gained in the European Union (EU-25), of it 264,525 milliard euros (= 41.1 percent) were cancelled to Germany. In the automobile industry about 2,168,400 employees were occupied in 2001, under it 863.201 (= 39.8 percent).

The situation of many car manufacturers has recently become more difficult; they had to accept declines of its sales figures and profits. Many market segments are fed. The high oil price arranges many car owners to go less than earlier. During the worldwide economic crisis in 2009/10 the governments of some countries spent milliard amounts on a scrapping premium to promote the sales of new vehicle. In Germany this premium was called environmental premium.

Important enterprises
No other industrial mass product has changed the everyday life of the humanity more than the car. About since 1900 there has been more than 2,500 enterprises who produce cars for the market. Many enterprises who produced in the 19th century ironwares or steel started at the middle of the century with the production of weapons or bicycles and thereby developed the necessary knowledge, decades later in the motor-car construction were required.Alfa Romeo (Italy)
Audi (Germany)
Autobianchi (Italy)
BMW (Germany)
Brilliance (China)
Chery (China)
Chrysler (USA)
Dacia (Romania)
Daimler (Mercedes-Benz Coaches, Germany)
FAW (China)
Ferrari (Italy)
Fiat (Italy)
Ford (USA)
General Motors (USA)
GAZ (Russia)
Honda (Japan)
Hyundai (South Korea)
Lada (Russia)
Lancia (Italy)
Maruti (India)
Maserati (Italy)
Mazda (Japan)
Mitsubishi (Japan)
Nissan (Japan)
Opel (Germany)
Porsche (Germany)
PSA Peugeot Citroen (France)
Renault (France)
SAAB (Sweden - announced in the end of 2011 insolvency)
Seat (Spain)
SAIC (China)
Š koda car (Czechia)
Subaru (Fuji Heavy Industries) (Japan)
Suzuki (Japan)
Tata (India)
Toyota (Japan)
Volkswagen (Germany)
Volvo (Sweden)

Even today there are beside the big mass manufacturers performed here still many small companies in the area of Car production which produce only one handful – mostly exclusively – vehicles, for example, the enterprises Trimming (USA) or Morgan (GB). See an also list of the car brands. With the growth and the concurrent decreasing intrinsic value creation portion of the manufacturers an important ancillary industry has also developed.

In Western Europe 14,208,250 passenger cars were admitted in 2003 for the first time for the traffic. Worldwide these were 56.3 million cars. While the inquiry for passenger car with only 1% of growth were almost stagnated more than 6% more utility vehicles compared with 2002 set off. This increase happens mostly in the so-called developing countries and threshold countries, with China as a forerunner in the growth market where compared with 2002 35% more cars were brought in the traffic. In 2006 16 million new vehicles were sold in the USA, in China these were 4 millions and in India one million.

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